Arduino UNO

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Introduction to Arduino
arduino-microcontroller

Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs (e.g., light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message) and turn it into an output (e.g., activating a motor, turning on an LED, or publishing something online). You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board.

Arduino UNO is the most used and most documented piece of hardware that Arduino offers. The Integrated Development Environment (IDE) – or software – can be downloaded for free on Macintosh OSX, Linux, and Windows. Within this software, Arduino uses a coding language that is a set of C/C++ functions that can be called from your code. If you are a novice to programming, the coding that is required to program your UNO can be overwhelming at first, however through practice and a growth mindset it becomes quite user friendly. For those who have a previous knowledge of coding, the Arduino is also quite flexible so it can accommodate more challenging projects.

Curriculum Connections

The expectations and goals of the Science and Technology program are:

  1. To relate science and technology to society and the environment.
  2. To develop the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry and technological problem-solving.
  3. To understand the basic concepts of science and technology.

In the specific expectations, reference is made to the following three skill areas:

  • Scientific inquiry/experimentation skills.
  • Scientific inquiry/research skills.
  • Technological problem-solving skills.

The Arduino has been utilized by many educators to demonstrate curriculum understanding. Expand the following sections for specific curriculum ties.

Curriculum Connections: Junior (Grades 4 – 6)

Grade 4

Science

  • Light and Sound
    • Assess the impact on society and the environment of technological innovations related to light and sound.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of light and sound as forms of energy that have specific characteristics and properties.

Grade 5

Science

  • Human Organ System (e.g., temperature sensor)
    • Analyze the impact of human activities and technological innovations on human health.
  • Conservation of Energy and Resources
    • Investigate energy transformation and conservation.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the various forms and sources of energy and the ways in which energy can be transformed and conserved.

Grade 6

Science

  • Electricity and Electrical Devices
    • Investigate the characteristics of static and current electricity, and construct simple circuits.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of electrical energy and its transformation into and from other forms of energy.
  • Flight
    • Explain ways in which properties of air can be applied to the principles of flight and flying devices.

Curriculum Connections: Intermediate (Grades 7 – 10)

Grade 7

Science

  • Heat in the Environment
    • Heat is a form of energy that can be transformed and transferred. These processes can be explained using the particle theory of matter.

Grade 8

Science

  • Fluids
    • Analyze how the properties of fluids are used in various technologies, and assess the impact of these technologies on society and the environment.

Grade 9 (Academic)

Science

  • The Characteristics of Electricity
    • Investigate, through inquiry, various aspects of electricity, including the properties of static and current electricity, and the quantitative relationships between potential difference, current, and resistance in electrical circuits.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of static and current electricity.
  • Atoms, Elements, and Compounds
    • Investigate, through inquiry, the physical and chemical properties of common elements and compounds.

Grade 9 (Applied)

Science

  • Electrical Applications
    • Investigate, through inquiry, the properties of static and current electricity and the cost of the consumption of electrical energy.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts and principles of static and current electricity.

Grade 9

Technology

  • Students will be given the opportunity to explore technology concepts that they will need in order to create designs, utilize software, fabricate products, document events, and prepare goods and services. This exploratory course provides a link between the concepts and skills studied in the elementary Science and Technology strand called Understanding Structures and Mechanisms and the topics studied in various subject areas of broad-based technology. Students will gain awareness of educational and training requirements for technology-related opportunities.

Grade 10 (Academic)

Science

  • Light and Geometric Optics
    • Evaluate the effectiveness of technological devices and procedures designed to make use of light, and assess their social benefits.
  • Climate Change
    • Analyze some of the effects of climate change around the world, and assess the effectiveness of initiatives that attempt to address the issue of climate change.
  • Earth and Space Science
    • Investigate various natural and human factors that influence Earth’s climate and climate change.

Grade 10 (Applied)

Science

  • Light and Application of Optics
    • Analyze how properties of light and colour are applied in technology and the impact of these technologies on society.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of characteristics and properties of light, particularly with respect to reflection and refraction and the addition and subtraction of colour.
  • Earth’s Dynamic Climate
    • Investigate various natural and human factors that have an impact on climate change and global warming.

Curriculum Connections: Senior (Grades 11 – 12) 

Grade 11 (University Prep)

Science: Physics

  • Energy and Society
    • Analyze technologies that apply principles of and concepts related to energy transformations, and assess the technologies’ social and environmental impact.
    • Investigate energy transformations and the law of conservation of energy, and solve related problems.
  • Electricity and Magnetism
    • Analyze the social, economic, and environmental impact of electrical energy production and technologies related to electromagnetism, and propose ways to improve the sustainability of electrical energy production.
    • Investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, magnetic fields and electric circuits, and solve related problems.
  • Waves and Sounds
    • Analyze how mechanical waves and sound affect technology, structures, society, and the environment, and assess ways of reducing their negative effects.
    • Investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the properties of mechanical waves and sound, and solve related problems.

Grade 11 (Mixed)

Science: Environmental Science

  • Conservation of Energy
    • Investigate various methods of conserving energy and improving energy efficiency.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of energy production, with reference to both renewable and non-renewable sources, and of various methods of energy conservation.

Grade 11 (Workplace)

Science: Environmental Science

  • Energy Conservation
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of energy production, with reference to both renewable and non-renewable sources, and of various methods of energy conservation.

Grade 12 (University)

Science: Physics

  • The Wave Nature of Light
    • Investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, the properties of waves and light, and solve related problems.
  • Energy and Momentum
    • Analyze, and propose ways to improve, technologies or procedures that apply principles related to energy and momentum, and assess the social and environmental impact of these technologies or procedures.
    • Investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, the relationship between the laws of conservation of energy and conservation of momentum, and solve related problems.

Grade 12 (College)

Science: Physics

  • Electricity and Magnetism
    • Investigate real and simulated mixed direct current circuits and the nature of magnetism and electromagnetism, and analyze related data.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of electricity and magnetism.
  • Energy Transformations
    • Demonstrate an understanding of diverse forms of energy, energy transformations, and efficiency.

Grade 12 (Workplace)

Science

  • Electricity at Home and Work
    • Investigate common electrical devices, including their energy transformations and consumption.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of electrical circuits, common electrical devices, and safety procedures related to electric systems.

Real World Connections

The Arduino UNO is an example of a piece of hardware that can be seen throughout the real world – especially with the 21st-century skills that are rapidly becoming more important in our society. An Arduino UNO is also known as a microcontroller; essentially, a tiny computer. Through the use of the Arduino IDE, users are able to send information from their computer to the microcontroller. The program sent to the Arduino will have defined inputs and resulting outputs.

We see this kind of programming all the time (whether we recognize it or not) in our everyday lives. Sprinkler systems, garage door openers, medical testing devices, and lighted display signs are just a few examples of systems that use microcontrollers every day. Within industries like manufacturing, microcontrollers have been used for years to aid …

Examples of Tools Using Arduino

Propeller Airplane

Propeller Airplane

Soil Moisture Sensor

Soil Moisture Sensor

Weather Station

Weather Station

 

 

 

 

 

References
Coming soon.